India, the fourth largest greenhouse gas emitter of the world, will work with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the German NGO International Climate Initiative in designing low-carbon transport plans for major Indian cities. Through this three-year initiative, the country’s transport growth will be brought in line with its climate change programme. The project is a component of the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
According to UNEP, despite having the second largest population in the world, India’s per capita emissions are below the global average. About 13% of India’s emissions in 2007 emanated from the transport sector. These might rise in future, given India’s rise in population, growth in the number of privately-owned vehicles and switch from rail to road transport for passenger travel and freight.