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Saturday , 20 April 2024

The way ahead for transportation

The words Self-Driving on a vehicle speedometer to illustrate the rise of autonomous vehicles to increase safety and reduce accidents

The manner in which the world commutes is seeing a major shift with ever-evolving technologies and transport methodologies shaping a completely dynamic future for travellers.

The mobility industry is experiencing several emerging trends that have significant implications. The advent of air taxis is poised to transform commuting by providing solutions to transportation infrastructure issues in rapidly growing cities and mitigating traffic congestion. Developers believe that with appropriate safety certifications and clearances in place, air taxis will offer pleasant, fast, and efficient travel experiences. These aerial vehicles will also facilitate the work of emergency responders, enabling quicker and easier access to various locations. Recent reports indicate a significant increase in investments within the advanced aerial mobility sector, with the global air taxi market projected to reach a value of $3.27 trillion by 2050, as estimated by Morgan Stanley.

Recent research and reports anticipate the introduction of single ticketing/single QR – a groundbreaking solution that addresses challenges related to information accessibility, first and last-mile connectivity, and digital ticketing. This seamless solution, currently in development, holds immense potential for enhancing services provided by the urban mobility sector, particularly in major Indian cities. Once implemented, it will revolutionise the way people experience mobility and unlock numerous benefits for the industry.

The future of mobility is set to be smarter, more sustainable and also highly efficient. These ever-evolving trends will change the way we travel, and reduce traffic, emissions and the reliance on private vehicle ownership

Another trend is the widespread adoption of electric mobility, which plays a crucial role in countries’ efforts to reduce carbon emissions and transition to more sustainable economies. Additionally, advancements in technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) have paved the way for innovative solutions such as micromobility, aimed at alleviating urban traffic congestion. Moreover, the expanding use of mobility services has led to the development of intelligent infrastructure, including charging stations and connectivity technologies. These trends in the mobility industry also foster the growth of augmented reality (AR) services and the utilisation of additive manufacturing for producing entire vehicles or parts.

The functionality and applicability of AI have been on the rise, thanks to the continuous refinement of machine learning (ML) algorithms. AI is now driving novel applications within the mobility industry, such as robotic automation and advanced data analytics. Notably, AI serves as the foundation for level-4 and level-5 autonomous driving, image recognition, predictive maintenance, and in-vehicle experiences. These AI-powered solutions guide self-driving cars, manage vehicle fleets, assist drivers in enhancing safety, and improve services like vehicle inspection and insurance. Furthermore, AI finds applications in automotive manufacturing, where it accelerates production rates and helps reduce costs. Similar to other industries, AI stands as a prominent trend in the mobility sector.

Technological advancements and ever-changing consumer demands are transforming the entire transportation industry. Autonomous vehicles, electric mobility and ride-sharing vehicles are the mobility trends that are reshaping mobility pattern. Self-driving cars can enhance traffic efficiency, provide enhanced mobility to the elderly and disabled, and even reduce the number of accidents. Companies such as Tesla and Uber are leading the charge of autonomous vehicle development and deployment by working heavily on research and testing.

Micromobility comprises small, lightweight transportation options such as shared electric scooters, bikes and e-bikes that are slowly becoming successful in urban areas. These last-mile transportation solutions reduce congestion on roads, provide an affordable means of transport and also offer a greener alternative to short-distance travel. Though challenges regarding infrastructure and regulation are there, navigating cities can be completely transformed with micromobility.

Electric vehicles have gained traction with a view to climate change and new government regulations. Daily commute can become easy with advances in battery technology leading to reduced charging times and improved range. Big automobile manufacturers like Tesla, Chevrolet and Nissan have all introduced affordable electric models. Moreover, governments have started to incentivise the purchase of EVs by way of subsidies and tax benefits for a sustainable future.

Mobility as a Service, or MaaS, aims to integrate different modes of transportation into a single platform. With MaaS solutions, users can plan, book and pay for their travels seamlessly. It combines public transport, ride and bike sharing etc to eliminate the need for car ownership, and hence promotes more sustainable and efficient transportation options. Examples of such companies are Uber and Moovel.

Leveraging the vast amounts of data, generated by advancements in technology, through analytics and artificial intelligence enables data-driven decision making. Governments and transportation agencies can use real-time data to optimise traffic flow, improve infrastructure planning, and enhance public transportation services. With these insights, transportation solutions can be personalised, commuting time reduced and overall efficiency improved.

Technological advancement promises to improve daily commuting, enhance connectivity and create a more sustainable future.


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